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Cps And Drug Use During Pregnancy

Cps And Drug Use During Pregnancy

pregnant women in the United States and its impact on newborns and families it also highlights some intervention models and policies developed to identify affected women and children and engage them in services to address their needs.

the use of alcohol and other drugs during pregnancy is a significant health issue that affects both the physical and mental health of pregnant women.

it is also a major risk factor for poor behavioral and developmental outcomes among children.

this presentation will review the prevalence and nature of substance use among pregnant women in the United States potential consequences of prenatal substance exposure for infant development and well-being interventions for the prevention and treatment of drug use during pregnancy interventions to promote the safety and well-being of affected newborns and relevant policies I’ll begin with the prevalence of prenatal substance use.

it’s difficult to precisely gauge the prevalence of substance use among pregnant women impediments include underreporting by women inconsistent use of screening or drug testing among providers and inaccurate reporting systems, so data must be interpreted cautiously with this caveat the annual national survey on drug use and health shows that a small percentage of pregnant women use illicit drugs with a greater but still relatively low percentage using tobacco and alcohol.

these data further suggest that overall pregnant women are much less likely to use substances than nonpregnant women of childbearing age.

particularly for alcohol use also as you can see from the graph substance use tends to decrease considerably from the first trimester to the third trimester.

but increase rather dramatically following childbirth, when looking specifically at illicit drugs to patterns are worth noting pregnant teens are more likely to use illicit drugs than non pregnant girls of this age also regardless of age black women have a significantly higher rate of illicit drug use during pregnancy compared to white or Hispanic women.

many professionals in the field believe that these national data underestimate the total number of infants and families affected by prenatal substance use.

in fact, prenatal screening studies suggest that as many as 1/5 of infants born in the United States each year are prenatally exposed to alcohol tobacco or other drugs and the majority of them go undetected.

let’s explore some of the factors contributing to substance use among pregnant women various socio-economic emotional and psychological disadvantages contribute to alcohol or other drug use among women.

Cps And Drug Use During Pregnancy

such stressors include domestic violence a history of sexual or physical abuse poverty unemployment and mental illness.

one community-based study found that more than half of female drug users reported childhood sexual and/or physical abuse.

many of these women have experienced significant and often pervasive trauma separate studies have found that roughly half of the married or cohabiting partners in treatment for substance abuse report recent episodes of domestic violence in fact the prevalence of substance abuse is higher among pregnant women experiencing domestic violence than among women reporting no current domestic violence.

despite considerable research on the subject findings on the biological and developmental effects of prenatal drug exposure on children remain inconsistent determining the effects of prenatal

substance exposure is difficult for a variety of reasons.

women who used drugs during pregnancy often use more than one substance making it challenging to isolate the effects of any one drug for instance.

one study found that mothers who gave birth to infants exposed to illegal substances also used greater amounts of alcohol and tobacco while pregnant compared to mothers whose children were not drugged exposed.

additionally, the amount of exposure frequency of use and timing of use during pregnancy may either moderate or exacerbate the impact of exposure on child outcomes,

Cps And Drug Use During Pregnancy

determining the effects of prenatal substance use is also difficult because the biological effects of the substance is often combined with home and environmental deficiencies and poor utilization of prenatal care for example maternal substance use often leads to insensitivity when interacting with children difficulty monitoring older children and child maltreatment which can all negatively affect child development.

moreover, mental illness and addiction may make it difficult for substance-using parents to form healthy attachments with their newborns and provide adequate parenting children of substance users also are more likely to be in out-of-home placements and experience home and caregiver instability.

conversely, caregiver functioning is positively related to the quality of the home environment which in turn is positively related to executive functioning in drug-exposed children executive functioning is a concept used to describe a loosely defined collection of brain processes that are responsible for planning cognitive flexibility abstract thinking rule acquisition initiating appropriate actions and inhibiting inappropriate actions and selecting relevant sensory information.

well, substance exposure alone may detrimentally impact child outcomes some research suggests that the home environment has a greater impact on children than the biological effects of prenatal substance exposure.

despite these inherent difficulties in establishing the effects of prenatal drug exposure researchers have identified patterns in outcomes of children prenatally exposed to certain drugs most commonly used by pregnant women let’s take a look at some of these general findings keeping in mind that all studies are subject to limitations that may influence the conclusions.

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